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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 34  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 200-206

Association of serum osteopontin with first hospitalization and all-cause mortality after kidney transplantation


1 Department of Surgery, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, Hualien, Taiwan
2 Division of Nephrology, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan
3 Department of Surgery, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation; School of Medicine, Tzu Chi University, Hualien, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Ming-Che Lee
Department of Surgery, Hualien Tzu Chi Hospital, Buddhist Tzu Chi Medical Foundation, 707, Section 3, Chung-Yang Road, Hualien
Taiwan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tcmj.tcmj_269_20

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Objective: Osteopontin (OPN) is involved in vascular calcification and atherosclerosis. We evaluated the association between serum OPN levels and the first postoperative hospitalization and all-cause mortality in patients who received kidney transplantation (KT). Materials and Methods: Seventy KT recipients were enrolled in this study from January to April 2012. The primary end point was first postoperative hospitalization or death. All patients were monitored in the outpatient clinics until June 30, 2017. Serum OPN level was measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results: During follow-up (median length, 65 months), 47 first postoperative hospitalizations and 8 deaths occurred. In comparison with serum median OPN levels, serum OPN level was positively associated with KT duration (P = 0.048), serum blood urea nitrogen (BUN; P = 0.043), and serum creatinine levels (P = 0.045) but negatively associated with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR; P = 0.049). Hospitalized KT recipients had a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) (P = 0.032), BUN (P = 0.002), and serum OPN level (P = 0.001) but lower eGFR (P = 0.030) than did patients not hospitalized. KT recipients who died had higher serum level of creatinine (P = 0.009) and OPN (P = 0.001) but lower eGFR (P = 0.036) than did surviving patients. Multivariate Cox analysis adjusted for age, gender, DM, hypertension, eGFR, KT duration, and steroid used showed that serum OPN level was associated with both first postoperative hospitalization (P = 0.049) and all-cause mortality (P = 0.017). Conclusions: Serum OPN level is a potential biomarker for first postoperative hospitalization and all-cause mortality in KT recipients.


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